Movement In and Out of the Parish
Family movement decade by decade
If we look at individual families decade by decade we can sometimes see the reasons for moving into or out of the village.
There were several agricultural workers who moved away from Elsfield, among them the gamekeeper William Udale, and four others. Among these is the Munday family. Sarah Munday, aged 45, died, leaving her husband and two children, twelve year old Ann and fifteen year old Thomas. Perhaps they left to be nearer to a family support network. Munday is a name still to be found locally in Beckley and Stanton St John rather than Elsfield. George Morby, who was living alone in 1841, and was an old man, moved to Headington, presumably the workhouse, and died aged 88 in 1844.
Two women moved away when they married. One, Hannah Taylor, is not listed in the census, but must have had local connections - Taylor is a well established name in Elsfield, while Eleanor Greaves was farming at Home Farm in 1841. The establishment consisted of her younger sister Jane aged 20 and brother Edward aged 15, along with one 70 year old manservant, John Cowley, Catherine Maul, aged 35, and two 15 year old boys William Mason and Nathaniel Barrett. Eleanor married a mercer from Banbury and the whole family probably moved with her, or at least dispersed. The name Greaves appears in subsequent censuses farming at Home Farm, but it is a John Greaves who is listed in1851, along with his wife Ann, so though they may well have been related, they were not immediate family.
There were eight other marriages in that decade, all between people living in the village. Martha Durham married James Quartermain, a servant, Sarah North married a Basson, Mary Ann Peveril, a servant in her thirties, living at the Vicarage, married into the Wakelin family. Sarah East married a Durham, Elizabeth Taylor married a Gurdon, a very numerous family at that time, living in three separate establishments, Mary Mills, who is not listed in the census, married a Tolley while Sarah Munt married a North. There were therefore considerably more marriages within the village than to outsiders.
Of the other names disappearing from the village census between 1841 and 1851 one was the squire, William Beresford and his family and servants while the other six who no longer appear in the 1851 census were servants either at the Vicarage or Church Farm.
In the 1840s therefore the bulk of the movement of people out of the village consisted of servants at one establishment or another and three families: the Mundays, the Greaveses and the Beresfords with their servants.
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