Fauna recorded in 1927

The Fauna of Elsfield in the early 20th Century

The following wildlife was recorded in The Manor of Elsfield by George Norman Clark, Fellow of Oriel College, 1927 (for private circulation).

Animals Fish Birds Birds (cont.)
Fox Ordinary varieties of coarse fish Sparrow hawk Hawfinch
Badger increasingly common Crayfish in Cherwell Kestrel Nuthatch
In Woodeaton Wood Trout in Cherwell (used to be in Bayswater Brook) Carrion crow Skylark
Otter in Cherwell Rook Yellowhammer
A few brown squirrels Magpie Corn bunting
Grey squirrels
Jay Pied wagtail
Rabbits Jackdaw Yellow wagtail
Hares, though neither as frequent as pre 1914 Starling Tree creeper
Stoats Thrush Hedge sparrow
Weasels Missel thrush Swallow
Polecat last seen 1881 by H. Parsons Blackbird House martin
Lapwing Chiff chaff
Partridge Black cap
Pheasant Garden warbler
Barn owl White throat
Little owl Lesser white throat
Landrail Redstart
Mallard Redbreast
Stockdove Nightingale
Ringdove Cuckoo
Turtledove Moorhen
Great spotted woodpecker Little grebe
Lesser spotted woodpecker Reed warbler
Green woodpecker Sedge warbler
Pied flycatcher Wheatear
Spotted flycatcher Great tit
House sparrow Longtailed tit
Chaffinch Blue tit
Linnet Wren
Greenfinch Goldcrest
Bullfinch Willow warbler
Goldfinch Nightjar
Lesser redpoll

Otmoor: Herons, snipe, redshank and curlew.

Hobby nested in Pennywell Copse before it was cut down.

Peregrine falcon seen by Mr Parsons. In Summer 1920, a pair appeared above the Manor lawns, possibly from Wales.

Golden Oriole seen on road near Fox Cover in May 1921 and again in May 1922.

Hoopoe seen at north end of Woodeaton Wood April 1920.

Common sandpiper may nest at Suscot.

Mr Parsons once shot a Green sandpiper in Mill Meadow. He has also seen a short-eared owl and thinks they may breed here. He has shot the Solitary or Double Snipe. Seen Great Grey Shrike and Red backed shrike.

John Greaves recalls that when he came to Elsfield in 1840 the Kite was plentiful and the Bittern not unknown. Colony of Kites in trees below Woodperry. Saw flocks of goldfinches on Elsfield side of Bayswater brook. Sometimes shot quail and partridge and has seen the hoodie-crow.

In May 1921 all three wagtails – pied, yellow and grey – seen on Manor lawn.

Woodcock nests in Oxfordshire. May be a nest at the Wick.

Winter: migrants on Otmoor. Swans, Geese including greylag. Curlew, Golden Plover, Sheveller, Golden eye, Tufted ducks.

Local names for birds:

Gor-crow - Carrion crow Maggy pie - Magpie
Bumbarrel - Long-tailed tit Thin builder - Sedge warbler
Thrusher - Song thrush Mollern - Heron
Horn owl - Long-eared owl Hedge magpie, tree magpie - Common magpie
Heckle - Green woodpecker Jay pie - Jay
Felt - Fieldfare Northern thrusher - Mistle thrush
Jinny polly - Whitethroat Grey crow - Hoodie crow
Blue rock - Stockdove