Fauna recorded in 1927
The Fauna of Elsfield in the early 20th Century
The following wildlife was recorded in The Manor of Elsfield by George Norman Clark, Fellow of Oriel College, 1927 (for private circulation).
|Fox||Ordinary varieties of coarse fish||Sparrow hawk||Hawfinch|
|Badger increasingly common||Crayfish in Cherwell||Kestrel||Nuthatch|
|In Woodeaton Wood||Trout in Cherwell (used to be in Bayswater Brook)||Carrion crow||Skylark|
|Otter in Cherwell||Rook||Yellowhammer|
|A few brown squirrels||Magpie||Corn bunting|
|Grey squirrels||Jay||Pied wagtail|
|Hares, though neither as frequent as pre 1914||Starling||Tree creeper|
|Polecat last seen 1881 by H. Parsons||Blackbird||House martin|
|Barn owl||White throat|
|Little owl||Lesser white throat|
|Great spotted woodpecker||Little grebe|
|Lesser spotted woodpecker||Reed warbler|
|Green woodpecker||Sedge warbler|
|Spotted flycatcher||Great tit|
|House sparrow||Longtailed tit|
Otmoor: Herons, snipe, redshank and curlew.
Hobby nested in Pennywell Copse before it was cut down.
Peregrine falcon seen by Mr Parsons. In Summer 1920, a pair appeared above the Manor lawns, possibly from Wales.
Golden Oriole seen on road near Fox Cover in May 1921 and again in May 1922.
Hoopoe seen at north end of Woodeaton Wood April 1920.
Common sandpiper may nest at Suscot.
Mr Parsons once shot a Green sandpiper in Mill Meadow. He has also seen a short-eared owl and thinks they may breed here. He has shot the Solitary or Double Snipe. Seen Great Grey Shrike and Red backed shrike.
John Greaves recalls that when he came to Elsfield in 1840 the Kite was plentiful and the Bittern not unknown. Colony of Kites in trees below Woodperry. Saw flocks of goldfinches on Elsfield side of Bayswater brook. Sometimes shot quail and partridge and has seen the hoodie-crow.
In May 1921 all three wagtails – pied, yellow and grey – seen on Manor lawn.
Woodcock nests in Oxfordshire. May be a nest at the Wick.
Winter: migrants on Otmoor. Swans, Geese including greylag. Curlew, Golden Plover, Sheveller, Golden eye, Tufted ducks.
Local names for birds:
|Gor-crow - Carrion crow||Maggy pie - Magpie|
|Bumbarrel - Long-tailed tit||Thin builder - Sedge warbler|
|Thrusher - Song thrush||Mollern - Heron|
|Horn owl - Long-eared owl||Hedge magpie, tree magpie - Common magpie|
|Heckle - Green woodpecker||Jay pie - Jay|
|Felt - Fieldfare||Northern thrusher - Mistle thrush|
|Jinny polly - Whitethroat||Grey crow - Hoodie crow|
|Blue rock - Stockdove|